DevOps Interview Questions

DevOps is a technology that has been doing wonders in the project delivery and management realm. Almost all the organizations are adopting the DevOps culture. This has led to a surge in the need of DevOps professionals in the market. An interview is the very first thing that you need to clear is the interview related to a DevOps job. In this blog we have prepared a list of DevOps Interview Questions that an interviewer might ask from a DevOps candidate. In this list of DevOps interview questions, you will find DevOps interview questions for freshers as well as DevOps interview questions for experienced professionals.

1. Explain what you understand by DevOps.

DevOps is the blend of practices, philosophies that are cultural, and implements that builds a company's capacity to provide applications and administrations at high speed thereby improving & developing products at a quicker pace than companies utilizing customary programming improvement and measures for management of framework. This speed empowers associations to all the more likely serve their clients and contend all the more successfully on the lookout.

"DevOps" was introduced as a term in the year 2009 by Patrick Debois, who eventually came to be recognized as a founder of the field. The term was shaped by consolidating "advancement" and "activities," which gives a beginning stage to seeing precisely what individuals ordinarily mean when they state "DevOps." Notably, DevOps isn't a cycle or an innovation or a norm. Numerous fans of DevOps allude to it as a "culture".

2. Why do you think DevOps is different from agile methodology?

DevOps has gained popularity as a culture that permits the turn of events and the tasks group to cooperate. These outcomes result in consistent turn of events, testing, coordination, arrangement, and observing of the product all through the lifecycle of a project.


Agile methodology on the other hand is a product advancement approach that centers around iterative, gradual, little, and fast arrivals of programming, alongside client input. It tends to holes and clashes between the client and engineers


3. Which are some of the most popular DevOps tools?


4. Illustrate the different phases in DevOps?

  • Plan - Initially, there should be an arrangement for the kind of use that should be created. Getting an unpleasant image of the improvement cycle is consistently a smart thought. 
  • Code - The application is coded according to the end-client prerequisites. 
  • Build - Build the application by coordinating different codes shaped in the past advances. 
  • Test - This is the most urgent advance of the application improvement. Test the application and modify, if important. 
  • Integrate - Multiple codes from various developers are incorporated into one. 
  • Deploy - Code is sent into a cloud climate for additional use. It is guaranteed that any new changes don't influence the working of a high traffic site. 
  • Operate - Operations are performed on the code whenever required. 
  • Monitor - Application execution is observed. Changes are made to meet the end-client prerequisites.


The above figure indicates the DevOps lifecycle.

5. What are the benefits of DevOps?

Specialized advantages 

  • Continuous programming conveyance 
  • Less complex issues to oversee 
  • Early location and quicker rectification of imperfections

Business benefits 

  • Faster conveyance of highlights 
  • More Stable working conditions 
  • Improved correspondence and joint effort between the groups

6. How to implement DevOps in a project?

The accompanying standard methodologies can be utilized to execute DevOps in a particular task: 

Stage 1 

An evaluation of the current cycle and execution for around half a month to distinguish zones of progress with the goal that the group can make a guide for the usage. 

Stage 2 

Make a proof of idea (PoC). Whenever it is acknowledged and affirmed, the group can begin the genuine execution and turn out of the venture plan. 

Stage 3 

The undertaking is currently prepared for executing DevOps by utilizing form control/mix/testing/sending/conveyance and checking followed bit by bit. By following the correct strides for form control, joining, testing, organization, conveyance, and checking, the venture is currently prepared for DevOps usage.

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7. Highlight continuous delivery v continuous deployment?

Continuous Delivery

Continuous Deployment


Guarantees code can be securely sent on to production


Every change that breezes through the mechanized assessments is conveyed to creation naturally


Guarantees business applications and administrations work as expected


Makes programming advancement and the delivery cycle quicker and more vigorous


Conveys each change to a creation like climate through thorough mechanized testing


There is no unequivocal endorsement from a designer and requires a created culture of observing


8. Explain the function of configuration management in DevOps.

  • Enables the board of and changes to various frameworks. 
  • Standardizes asset setups, which thus oversee IT foundation. 
  • It assists with the organization and the executives of numerous workers and keeps up the trustworthiness of the whole foundation.

9. What do you think lies behind the continuous monitoring process that aids in architectural maintenance?


Continuous monitoring in DevOps is a cycle of distinguishing, recognizing, and detailing any deficiencies or dangers in the whole framework of the framework. 

  • Ensures that all administrations, applications, and assets are running on the workers appropriately. 
  • Monitors the status of workers and decides whether applications are working accurately or not. 
  • Enables consistent review, exchange investigation, and controlled checking.

10. Explain the function of AWS in DevOps?

  • Flexible administrations - Provides prepared to-utilize, adaptable administrations without the need to introduce or set up the product. 
  • Built for scale - You can deal with a solitary case or scale to thousands utilizing AWS administrations. 
  • Automation - AWS lets you robotize assignments and cycles, giving you more opportunity to enhance 
  • Secure - Using AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM), you can set client authorizations and approaches. 
  • Large accomplice environment - AWS underpins a huge biological system of accomplices that coordinate with and broaden AWS administrations.

11. List the important KPIs of DevOps.

  • Meantime to disappointment recuperation - This is the normal time taken to recoup from a disappointment. 
  • Deployment recurrence - The recurrence wherein the sending happens. 
  • Percentage of bombed organizations - The occasions the sending falls flat.

12. What is "Infrastructure as Code" (IaC) in the context of configuration management?

  • Writing code to oversee design, organization, and programmed provisioning. 
  • Managing server farms with machine-comprehensible definition records, as opposed to actual equipment arrangement. 
  • Ensuring every one of your workers and other foundation parts are provisioned reliably and easily. 
  • Administering distributed computing conditions, otherwise called framework as a help (IaaS).

13. What is the method to implement IaC with AWS?

Start by discussing the well-established instruments of composing orders onto content records and testing them in a different climate before sending and how this methodology is being supplanted by IaC. Like the codes composed for different administrations, with the assistance of AWS, IaC permits designers to compose, test, and keep up foundation substances in an engaging way, utilizing arrangements, for example, JSON or YAML. This empowers a simpler turn of events and quicker organization of foundation changes.

14. What has popularized DevOps?

Prior to discussing the developing fame of DevOps, examine the current business situation. Start with certain instances of how large players, for example, Netflix and Facebook are putting resources into DevOps to robotize and quicken application arrangement and how this has helped them develop their business. Utilizing Facebook for instance, you would highlight Facebook's consistent arrangement and code possession models and how these have helped it scale up yet guarantee the nature of involvement with a similar time. Several lines of code are executed without influencing quality, steadiness, and security. 

Your next use case ought to be Netflix. This web based and on-request video organization follows comparable practices with completely mechanized cycles and frameworks. Notice the client base of these two associations: Facebook has 2 billion clients while Netflix streams online substance to in excess of 100 million clients around the world. 

These are incredible instances of how DevOps can assist associations with guaranteeing higher achievement rates for discharges, decrease the lead time between bug fixes, smooth out and constant conveyance through robotization, and a general decrease in labor costs. 

15. Explain a centralized v distributed version control system in Git.

Centralized Version Control System

  • All document forms are put away on a focal worker 
  • No designer has a duplicate of all documents on a nearby framework 
  • If the focal worker crashes, all information from the task will be lost


Distributed Control System

  • Every engineer has a duplicate of all adaptations of the code on their frameworks 
  • Enables colleagues to work disconnected and doesn't depend on a solitary area for reinforcements 
  • There is no danger, regardless of whether the worker crashes

16. What is the git command that downloads any repository from GitHub to your computer?

git clone.

17. How to push a file from the local system to the GitHub repository with Git?

To start with, associate the nearby archive to your distant storehouse: 

git far off add root [copied web address] 

/Ex: git far off add root 

Second, push your document to the far off store: 

git push starting point ace

18. Differentiate between the bare repository method of initializing a Git repository from the standard protocol for it.

Utilizing the standard technique: 

git init 

  • You make a working index with git init 
  • A git folder is made with all the git-related correction history 

Utilizing the exposed way 

git init - uncovered 

  • It doesn't contain any working or looked at a duplicate of source documents 
  • Bare vaults store git update history in the root organizer of your archive, rather than the .git subfolder

19. What is the CLI command to rename files?

git mv

20. List the steps for reverting a commit that has been pushed and is public too?

There are two manners by which you can return a submit: 

1. Remove or fix the awful document in another submit and push it to the distant storehouse. At that point submit it to the distant archive utilizing: 

git submit – m "submit message" 

2. Create another submit that fixes all the progressions that were made in the awful submit. Utilize the accompanying order: 

git return  

Model: git return 56de0938f

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21. Shed light on git fetch v git pull.

Git fetch Git pull
Git fetch just downloads new information from a far off repository Git pull refreshes the current HEAD branch with the most recent changes from the distant worker
Doesn't coordinate any new information into your working files Downloads new information and incorporate it with the current working documents
Clients can run a Git get whenever to refresh the far off following branches Aids to consolidate far off changes with your neighbourhood ones

Command - git fetch origin

                  git fetch –-all

Command - git pull origin master

22. Explain a Git stash?

An engineer working with a current branch needs to change to another branch to chip away at something different, yet the designer would not like to submit changes to your incomplete work. The answer for this issue is Git stash. Git stash takes your adjusted followed records and spares them on a heap of incomplete changes that you can reapply whenever.


23. What is branching in Git?

Assume you are dealing with an application, and you need to add another component to the application. You can make another branch and assemble the new component on that branch. 

  • By default, you generally deal with the ace branch 
  • The hovers on the branch speak to different submits made on the branch 
  • After you are finished with all the changes, you can blend it with the ace branch


24. Explain Git Merge v Git Rebase.

Assume you are taking a shot at another element in a committed branch, and another colleague refreshes the ace branch with new submits. You can utilize these two capacities: 

Git Merge 

To join the new submits into your element branch, use Git consolidate. 

  • Creates an extra consolidation submit each time you have to fuse changes 
  • But, it contaminates your element branch history 

Git Rebase 

As an option in contrast to blending, you can rebase the element branch on to ace. 

  • Incorporates all the new submits in the ace branch 
  • It makes new submits for each submit in the first branch and revises venture history

Git Merge


Git Rebase


25. What is the command to list files that have been changed in a particular commit?

git diff-tree – r {commit hash} 

  • -r banner teaches the order to list singular documents 
  • commit hash will list all the documents that were changed or included that submit

26. How to resolve Git merge conflict in DevOps? 

A Git consolidation struggle happens when you have blend branches with viewing for submits, and Git needs your assistance to choose which changes to join in the last union.


Physically alter the tangled record to choose the progressions that you need to keep in the last union. 

Resolve utilizing GitHub struggle manager 

This is done when a union clash is caused in the wake of seeking line changes. For instance, this may happen when individuals roll out various improvements to similar line of similar records on various branches in your Git vault. 

  • Resolving a union clash utilizing struggle proofreader: 
  • Under your vault name, click "Pull demands."


  • In the "Pull demands" drop-down, click the force demand with a union clash that you'd prefer to determine 
  • Near the lower part of your draw demand, click "Resolve clashes."


  • Decide in the event that you just need to keep your branch's changes, the other branch's changes, or make a fresh out of the box new change, which may consolidate changes from the two branches. 
  • Delete the contention markers <<<<<<<, =======, >>>>>>> and make transforms you need in the last consolidation.


  • If you have more than one union clash in your record, look down to the following arrangement of contention markers and rehash stages four and five to determine your union clash. 
  • Once you have settled all the contentions in the document, click Mark as settled.


  • If you have more than one document with a contention, select the following record you need to alter on the left half of the page under "clashing records" and rehash stages four to seven until you've settled the entirety of your draw solicitation's consolidation clashes.

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Once you've settled your consolidation clashes, click Commit combine. This consolidations the whole base branch into your head branch.

  • To combine your force demand, click Merge pull demand. 
  • A consolidated strife is settled utilizing the order line. 
  • Open Git Bash. 
  • Navigate into the neighborhood Git archive that contains the consolidation strife.


  • Generate a rundown of the records that the consolidation strife influences. In this model, the record has a consolidation struggle.


  • Open any content manager, for example, Sublime Text or Atom, and explore the document that has consolidated clashes. 
  • To see the start of the union clash in your record, scan the document for the contention marker "<<<<<<<. " Open it, and you'll see the progressions from the base branch after the line "<<<<<<< HEAD."
  • Next, you'll see "=======", which separates your progressions from the adjustments in the other branch, trailed by ">>>>>>> BRANCH-NAME".


  • Decide on the off chance that you just need to keep your branch's changes, the other branch's changes, or make a fresh out of the box new change, which may join changes from the two branches. 
  • Delete the contention markers "<<<<<<<", "=======", ">>>>>>>" and roll out the improvements you need in the last consolidation.


  • Add or stage your changes. 


  • Commit your changes with a comment.


27. What is the master-slave architecture in Jenkins?


  • Jenkins ace pulls the code from the distant GitHub storehouse each time there is a code submit. 
  • It appropriates the remaining burden to all the Jenkins slaves. 
  • On demand from the Jenkins ace, the slaves complete, forms, test, and produce test reports.

28. Explain the Jenkinsfile concept?

Jenkinsfile contains the meaning of a Jenkins pipeline and is looked into the source control storehouse. It is a book document. 

  • It permits code audit and emphasis on the pipeline. 
  • It grants a review trail for the pipeline. 
  • There is a solitary wellspring of truth for the pipeline, which can be seen and altered.

29. State the command that runs Jenkins with the command line?

java –jar Jenkins.war

30. What are the principle concepts related to the pipeline in Jenkins?

  • Pipeline: User-characterized model of a CD pipeline. The pipeline's code characterizes the whole form measure, which incorporates building, testing and conveying an application 
  • Node: A machine that is essential for the Jenkins climate and equipped for executing a pipeline 
  • Step: A solitary assignment that guides Jenkins at a specific point as expected 
  • Stage: Defines a theoretically unmistakable subset of undertakings performed through the whole pipeline (fabricate, test, convey stages)

These are the most frequently asked questions about DevOps in any interview. These DevOps Interview questions can really help you to get your dream DevOps job. I hope this blog was helpful. If you have any queries do get back to us.

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